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发布于:2018-3-9 15:17:23  访问:11 次 回复:0 篇
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S (Prather et al., 2008). Nonetheless, the connection involving auditory to vocal
This model builds 2042098614560730 around the notion of evolutionarily conserved auditory pathways in human and non-human primates (Romanski et al., 1999; Tian et al., 2001; Rauschecker and Scott, 2009) and other mammals (e.g., cats, Lomber and R3827 supplement Malhotra, 2008). However, the connection between auditory to vocal mirror neurons inside the vocal motor pathway in primates remains largely theoretical (Rizzolatti and Arbib, 1998; Arbib, 2005, 2010).SENSORIMOTOR INTEGRATION AND COGNITIVE "DOMAIN-GENERAL" HYPOTHESESanterior forebrain pathway via the basal ganglia for comparing planned motor output with auditory feedback (Troyer and Doupe, 2000; Charge, 2012). You‘ll find also cognitive hypotheses, such those based on the notion that language processing includes "domain general" cognitive processes that have improved more than evolution and also enhance during child improvement (e.g., Saffran et al., 1996; Marcus et al., 1999; Friederici et al., 2011; Perani et al., 2011). That is in contrast to the notion that language entails domain distinct modules that have specialized particularly for language processing. In support of domain basic hypotheses, there is evidence that the processing of AG structures can engage comparable brain regions as does the processing of natural language material (Friederici et al., 2006; Bahlmann et al., 2008; Folia et al., 2011; Tyler et al., 2011; Petersson et al., 2012). Such hypotheses usually emphasize the part from the cognitive systems, like these supporting interest and memory, and how these may possibly have enhanced in the course of evolution to help language in humans or vocal learning in complex-vocal learners.PREDICTIONS OF MOTOR And other THEORIES, FROM A MODIFIED BEHAVIORAL PERSPECTIVEIn this final section, we aim to integrate the tips generated within the earlier sections. We first summarize strategies in which the prediction from the motor theories may be tested. Second, we summarize predictions from the other theories that we‘ve viewed as, like cognitive domain-general hypotheses and how the predictions of those theories relate to those from the motor theories. The integration from the experimental epjc/s10052-015-3267-2 and theoretical strands is essential for advancing our understanding of language origins and mechanisms, and more generally of animal communication.PREDICTIONS FROM MOTOR THEORIESThe above motor and gestural theories differ inside the mechanisms of sensory-motor interactions, but share the notion that the auditory-motor interactions in humans and other vocal finding out animals have specialized considerably relative to these in other animals. Rauschecker and Scott have proposed a "sensorimotor integration" model (Rauschecker and Scott, 2009; Rauschecker, 2011) that highlights the broadly conserved aspects of auditorymotor processing in human and non-human primates. This model builds 2042098614560730 on the notion of evolutionarily conserved auditory pathways in human and non-human primates (Romanski et al., 1999; Tian et al., 2001; Rauschecker and Scott, 2009) as well as other mammals (e.g., cats, Lomber and Malhotra, 2008). They propose that a ventral auditory pathway from the temporal lobe to ventral prefrontal cortex is engaged in processing auditory "objects" (for example calls in animals and speech in humans) along with a dorsal auditory-to-premotor pathway for acr.22433 auditory-to-motor interactions that involves language-related processing in humans (for critiques see: DeWitt and Rauschecker, 2012; Rauschecker, 2012). The "sensorimotor integration" model proposes that the dorsal pathway receives efference copies from prefrontal and premotor regions that will affect auditory processing and perception. Such models emphasize the commonalities across the species relating to sensorimotor integration (Rauschecke.
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